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Principal Investigator, Professor
Duke University
Research Areas
Polymer Physics, Modeling of various polymeric systems
Related Website

michael.rubinstein atmark

RUBINSTEIN, Michael Group
Principal Investigator
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    RUBINSTEIN, Michael
Faculty Members
Postdoctoral Fellows

About the Research

Research Theme

Theoretical calculation of polymer materials and macromolecules


Polymer theory and computer simulations
Research Outline

We are the world-leading group in the field of polymer physics. We developed quantitative theory of conformations and dynamics of polyelectrolytes and polyampholytes in semidilute and concentrated solutions and of their adsorption at surfaces. The theory explains a number of unique rheological features of these polymers, such as concentration and ionic strength dependence of viscosity, modulus, and self-diffusion coefficient.

For details on MANABIYA course topics, please follow this link. To learn more about MANABIYA in general, please click here.

Representative Research Achievements

  • Theory of Polyelectrolytes in Solution and at Surfaces
    A. V. Dobrynin and M. Rubinstein, Prog. Polym. Sci., 2005, 30, 1049-1118
    DOI : 10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2005.07.006
  • Cascade of Transitions of Polyelectrolytes in Poor Solvent
    A. V. Dobrynin, M. Rubinstein, S. P. Obukhov, Macromolecules, 1996, 29, 2974-2979
    DOI : 10.1021/ma9507958
  • Scaling Theory of Polyelectrolyte Solutions
    A. V. Dobrynin, R. H. Colby, M. Rubinstein, Macromolecules, 1995, 28, 1859-1871
    DOI : 10.1021/ma00110a021
  • Elasticity of Polymer Networks
    M. Rubinstein, S. Panyukov, Macromolecules, 2002, 35, 6670-6686
    DOI : 10.1021/ma0203849
  • Dynamics of Reversible Networks
    L. Leibler, M. Rubinstein, R. H. Colby, Macromolecules, 1991, 24, 4701-4707
    DOI : 10.1021/ma00016a034



  • Light-Induced Living Polymer Networks with Adaptive Functional Properties
    S. X. Wei, J. Smith-Jones, R. F. Lalisse, J. C. Hestenes, D. Y. Chen, S. P. O. Danielsen, R. C. Bell, E. M. Churchill, N. A. Munich, L. E. Marbella, O. Gutierrez, M. Rubinstein, A. Nelson, L. M. Campos, Adv. Mater., 2024, ,
    DOI: 10.1002/adma.202313961


  • Nanocolloidal Hydrogel Mimics the Structure and Nonlinear Mechanical Properties of Biological Fibrous Networks
    E. Prince, S. Morozova, Z. K. Chen, V. Adibnia, I. Yakavets, S. Panyukov, M. Rubinstein, E. Kumacheva, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2023, 120(51), e2220755120
    DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2220755120
  • An Elastomer with Ultrahigh Strain-Induced Crystallization
    C. M. Hartquist, S. T. Lin, J. H. Zhang, S. Wang, M. Rubinstein, X. H. Zhao, Science Advances, 2023, 9, (50),
    DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.adj0411
  • Facile Mechanochemical Cycloreversion of Polymer Cross-Linkers Enhances Tear Resistance
    S. Wang, Y. X. Hu, T. B. Kouznetsova, L. Sapir, D. Chen, A. Herzog-Arbeitman, J. A. Johnson, M. Rubinstein, S. L. Craig, Science, 2023, 380, Issue 6651, 1248-1252
    DOI: 10.1126/science.adg3229
  • Phase Separation and Gelation in Solutions and Blends of Heteroassociative Polymers
    S. P. O. Danielsen, A. N. Semenov, M. Rubinstein, Macromolecules, 2023, 56, 14, 5661-5677
    DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromol.3c00854
  • Theory of Chromatin Organization Maintained by Active Loop Extrusion
    B. Chan, M. Rubinstein, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2023, 120 (23), e2222078120
    DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2222078120
  • Contribution of Unbroken Strands to the Fracture of Polymer Networks
    S. Wang, S. Panyukov, S. L. Craig, M. Rubinstein, Macromolecules, 2023, 56, 6, 2309–2318
    DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromol.2c02139
  • Elasticity of Slide-Ring Gels
    D. Y. Chen, S. Panyukov, L. Sapir, M. Rubinstein, ACS Macro Lett., 2023, 12, 3, 362–368
    DOI: 10.1021/acsmacrolett.3c00010


  • Fibrous Hydrogels under Biaxial Confinement
    Y. Li, Y. F. Li, E. Prince, J. I. Weitz, S. Panyukov, A. Ramachandran, M. Rubinstein, E. Kumacheva, Nat. Commun., 2022, 13,
    DOI: 10.1038/s41467-022-30980-7
  • Scaling Theory of Swelling and Deswelling of Polymer Networks
    T. Yamamoto, J. A. Campbell, S. Panyukov, M. Rubinstein, Macromolecules, 2022, 55, 3588-3601
    DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromol.1c02553
  • Where in the World Are Condensed Counterions?
    Q. S. Tang, M. Rubinstein, Soft Matter, 2022, 18, 1154-1173
    DOI: 10.1039/d1sm01494c


  • Overlap Concentration in Salt-Free Polyelectrolyte Solutions
    J. A. Bollinger, G. S. Grest, M. J. Stevens, M. Rubinstein, Macromolecules, 2021, 54, 10068-10073
    DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromol.1c01491
  • Universal Polymeric-to-Colloidal Transition in Melts of Hairy Nanoparticles
    D. Parisi, E. Buenning, N. Kalafatakis, L. Gury, B. C. Benicewicz, M. Gauthier, M. Cloitre, M. Rubinstein, S. K. Kumar, D. Vlassopoulos, Acs Nano, 2021, 15, 16697-16708
    DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.1c06672
  • Toughening Hydrogels through Force-Triggered Chemical Reactions that Lengthen Polymer Strands
    Z. Wang, X. J. Zheng, T. Ouchi, T. B. Kouznetsova, H. K. Beech, S. Av-Ron, T. Matsuda, B. H. Bowser, S. Wang, J. A. Johnson, J. A. Kalow, B. D. Olsen, J. P. Gong, M. Rubinstein, S. L. Craig, Science, 2021, 374, 193-+
    DOI: 10.1126/science.abg2689
  • Single-Event Spectroscopy and Unravelling Kinetics of Covalent Domains Based on Cyclobutane Mechanophores
    B. H. Bowser, S. Wang, T. B. Kouznetsova, H. K. Beech, B. D. Olsen, M. Rubinstein, S. L. Craig, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2021, 143, 5269-5276
    DOI: 10.1021/jacs.1c02149
  • Molecular Characterization of Polymer Networks
    S. P. O. Danielsen, H. K. Beech, S. Wang, B. M. El-Zaatari, X. D. Wang, L. Sapir, T. Ouchi, Z. Wang, P. N. Johnson, Y. X. Hu, D. J. Lundberg, G. Stoychev, S. L. Craig, J. A. Johnson, J. A. Kalow, B. D. Olsen, M. Rubinstein, Chemical Reviews, 2021, 121, 5042-5092
    DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemrev.0c01304


  • Structure of Polymer-Grafted Nanoparticle Melts
    J. Midya, M. Rubinstein, S. K. Kumar, A. Nikoubashman, Acs Nano, 2020, 14, 15505-15516
    DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.0c06134